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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/10052

Title: Ab initio and Density Functional Theory Studies of the Catalytic Mechanism for Ester Hydrolysis in Serine Hydrolases
Authors: Hu, Ching-Han;Brinck, T.;Hult, K.
Contributors: 化學系
Keywords: Catalytic triad;Hydrogen bond;Oxyanion hole;Serine protease;Tetrahedral intermediate;Transition state
Date: 1998
Issue Date: 2012-05-03T06:16:30Z
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Abstract: We present results from ab initio and density functional theory studies of the mechanism for serine hydrolase catalyzed ester hydrolysis. A model system containing both the catalytic triad and the oxyanion hole was studied. The catalytic triad was represented by formate anion, imidazole, and methanol. The oxyanion hole was represented by two water molecules. Methyl formate was used as the substrate. In the acylation step, our computations show that the cooperation of the Asp group and oxyanion hydrogen bonds is capable of lowering the activation barrier by about 15 kcal/mol. The transition state leading to the first tetrahedral intermediate in the acylation step is rate limiting with an activation barrier (ΔE0) of 13.4 kcal/mol. The activation barrier in the deacylation step is smaller. The double-proton-transfer mechanism is energetically unfavorable by about 2 kcal/mol. The bonds between the Asp group and the His group, and the hydrogen bonds in the oxyanion hole, increase in strength going from the Michaelis complex toward the transition state and the tetrahedral intermediate. In the acylation step, the tetrahedral intermediate is a very shallow minimum on the energy surface and is not viable when molecular vibrations are included.
Relation: Int. J. Quan. Chem., 1998, 69(1): 89-103
Appears in Collections:[化學系] 期刊論文

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