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Title: 身體活動、自我概念和自尊關係之文獻回顧
A Literature Review on the Relationships of Physical Activity, Self-concept and Self-Esteem
Authors: 陳美華
Contributors: 運動健康研究所
Keywords: 自尊;身體自我概念;運動介入;自我概念特殊向度的重要性知覺
self-esteem;physical self concept;exercise intervention;perceived importance for special domain of self
Date: 2007-11
Issue Date: 2012-06-14T06:41:43Z
Publisher: 臺灣運動心理學會
Abstract: 許多研究顯示運動在心理健康上的效果,包括提升正面的情緒、高自尊、對 於身體能力有較大的信心等。尤其運動對自尊或身體自我概念的正面影響,已逐漸受到重視。本文以文獻回顧(literature review)的方式,除分析近年來的研究外,亦期望對未來可能的研究方向提出建議。首先就理論上分析身體自我概念與自尊之間階層性的關係,接著介紹近年來國內外常使用的測驗工具,包括:The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965)、PSPP (Physical Self-Perception Profile, Fox & Corbin, 1989)、PSDQ (Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Marsh & Redmayne, 1994; Marsh, 1996),以及中文版的「兒童身體自我概念量表」編製(莊鵬輝,1996)、葉素汝(1998)修訂的「身體自我描述問卷」。第三部分則為回顧相關的實證研究結果,目前的研究大多支持運動對身體自我概念的正面影響,但在自尊方面卻有不一致的結果。最後根據文獻分析結果提出未來可能的研究方向,探討運動對自尊的效果,可能需要考慮個人對自我各向度的重要性知覺(perceived importance)。另一方面,身體自我概念與自尊的階層關係,仍需實地研究(field research)的支持。
Researches indicted the mental effects of exercise included the promotion of positive emotion, high self-esteem, confidence for physical competence. There is increasing interest in the positive impacts for self-esteem and physical self concept of exercise. The purpose of this paper is to analysis existing literature and suggesting future research challenges through literature review. First was to analysis the relationship between self-esteem and physical self concept. Second was to introduce the measurements include The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965), PSPP (Physical Self-Perception Profile, Fox & Corbin, 1989), PSDQ (Physical Self-Description Questionnaire, Marsh & Redmayne, 1994; Marsh, 1996), Children Physical Self Concept (Zhuang, 1996) and Chinese PSDQ (Ye, 1998). Third was to review the practical researches about self. The result reveals most researches support exercise had a positive influence. It brings up the research direction in future at last. It might to think about the personal perceived importance for domains of self concept when we examine the effect of exercise on self esteem. On the other hand, it is necessary much more field researches to support the hierarchical relation between self-esteem and physical self concept.
Relation: 臺灣運動心理學報, 11: 17-39
Appears in Collections:[運動健康研究所] 期刊論文

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