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Title: 社會關係,社會回饋對青少年身體滿意,身體自尊及運動行為的影響
The Influences of Social Relationship and Social Feedback on Body Satisfaction, Body Esteem and Exercise Behavior for Adolescents
Authors: 陳美華
Contributors: 運動健康所
Keywords: 社會壓力;情感關係;身體不滿意
social pressure;affective relationship;body dissatisfaction
Date: 2010-08
Issue Date: 2012-06-14T06:42:49Z
Publisher: 行政院國家科學委員會
Abstract: 青春期是一個身體及性特徵激烈變化的階段,生理上的變化及尋求同儕的認同,使其對外表的格外重視。根據研究報告,青少年不管男生或女生,普徧對自己的身體感到不滿意,而身體不滿意通常與低自尊、憂鬱、節食、運動上癮、企圖自殺等不適的心理及行為有關。是值得關注的問題。由於身體意象的發展是一種社會評價反射的內化結果,尤其是重要他人在形成自我形象的過程中,扮演著非常重要的角色。因此,本研究以縱貫研究方法,探討青少年社會關係(父、母親、同儕)及社會回饋(父、母親、同儕)對身體滿意、身體自尊與運動行為的影響及其中介效果。以台中及彰化地區國中、高中1000名男女學生為施測對象,完成兩次間隔半年的施測。本研究有四個假設:1.所有前測及後測變項有性別及年齡的差異。2.前測社會關係、前測社會回饋影響後測身體滿意,進而影響後測身體自尊,社會回饋影響運動行為。後測運動行為直接影響身體滿意及身體自尊。前測社會關係直接影響前測社會回饋。3.社會回饋在社會關係影響身體滿意改變上有中介的效果。4.運動行為在身體滿意影響身體自尊的改變上有中介的效果。
Adolescence is a gradation for their body and sexual characteristics have a furious variation. Due to the variation of physical and the seeking for peer identification, they have an appearance preoccupation. Researches revealed the prevalence among adolescent for body dissatisfaction. This body dissatisfaction is associated with malaise psychology and behavior, for example, low esteem, depression, diet, sports addiction and suicide attempts. The development of body image is an outcome for social evaluation affect. Significant others play important roles during the form self image. This study purpose was to explore the impact of social relationship ( parent and peer ) and social feedback about appearance ( parent and peer ) on body satisfaction, body esteem and exercise behavior and mediate effects by using longitudinal data from adolescent. Participants from junior and senior high school students both boys and girls in Taichung and Changhua City ( N= 1000) will completed two times assessment between six mouths. This study will test three hypotheses. First, we hypothesized that there are significance difference between gender and age for all variables both Time1 and Time2. Second, we hypothesized that high initial levels of social relationship and social feedback would direct predict later body satisfaction, body satisfaction direct predict body esteem, and exercise behavior direct predict body satisfaction and body esteem. Third, we hypothesized that social feedback would mediate social relationship impact body satisfaction. Forth, we hypothesized that body satisfaction would mediate body esteem.
Relation: 計畫編號: NSC99-2410-H018-034; 研究期間: 201008-201107
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