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Title: 體適能與自我概念對運動參與的影響
The Effects of Physical Fitness and Self-Concept on Exercise Participation
Authors: 陳美華;楊亮梅
Contributors: 運動健康研究所
Keywords: 體適能;自我概念;運動參與;大學學生
Physical Fitness;Self-Concept;Sport Participation;University Student
Date: 2001-11
Issue Date: 2012-06-14T06:45:12Z
Publisher: 中華民國大專院校體育總會; 教育部
Abstract: 大學生正值生理機能之高峰期,但是體適能已大不如過去的水準,又深受流行資訊影響而衝擊其本身之自我概念或自我價值,因此在運動促進的推廣上應採取適合當前年輕人發展傾向的策略,本文即透過測量與調查以了解體適能與自我概念是否影響大學生之運動參與,期盼可以提供有利的資訊以為運動推廣者參考。受試對象包括男女生共370人(平均年齡為18.74),皆填寫田納西自我概念量表及運動調查表並接受體適能測驗。所得資料採用t-test、二因變異數分析及逐步迴歸,並獲得以下結論:(1)大部分受試者有從事運動的習慣(75.7%),在運動頻率上以1-2天的比率較高,強度上男生以激烈運動為高,女生以中度運動為高。(2)運動參與在性別上有顯著差異,男生高於女生。(3)高肌耐力組與高自我概念而中等瞬發力者有較高的運動參與表現。(4)體適能可以有效預測運動參與程度。
People supposed that it is a period of time to have peak physiologicalfunction during undergraduate. But college students' physical fitnesswere lower than the past in these times and their self concept or selfworth were impacted by media. Therefore, a suitable tactics should beadopted for the young adults in exercise promotion. This article wouldlike to examine if fitness and self-concept affect exerciseparticipation in order to supply a useful reference to physicaleducators. Tennessee Self Concept Scale, exercise questionnaire, andphysical fitness test were administered to 370 undergraduate males andfemales (Mean age=18.74 yr.). Data were analyzed by t-test, two-wayANOVA, and stepwise. The conclusions were: (1) Most of subjects haveparticipated exercise (75.7%). The exercise frequency is more popularin 1-2 days. Males prefer to participate in intensive exercise amongregular exercise population, and females prefer to moderate exercise.(2) There is significant gender difference in exercise participation.Males are higher than females. (3) High muscular endurance and highscored self-concept plus medium power group have higher exerciseparticipation. (4) Physical fitness can predict exercise participationefficiently.
Relation: 中華民國大專院校九十年度體育學術研討會,中華民國大專院校體育總會、教育部, 2011年11月16-18日: 301-310
Appears in Collections:[運動健康研究所] 會議論文

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