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Title: 中英香港交涉與抗戰勝利後的受降接收爭執
Authors: 王玉
Contributors: 歷史學研究所
Keywords: 南京條約
Treaty of Nan-king (1842)
Treaty of Beijing (1860)
the Anglo-Chinese Convention (1898)
Sino- British Equal Treaty (1943)
Sino-British Joint Declaration(1984)
Date: 2002-10
Issue Date: 2010-10-28T08:53:46Z
Abstract: 1997年7月1日,英國將百餘年不平等條約下的歷史產物--香港交還給了中華人民共和國,此後香港以中華人民共和國特別行政區的新身分,出現在世界的舞台上。然而不容遺忘的是,在1950年以前,中華民國政府對於香港主權的收回,其實是決心堅定,屢挫不餒,從未放棄。本文即是以香港問題密切相關的中英美三國作主軸,除回顧民國以後有關香港主權的交涉衝突之外,特別詳述一段鮮為人知的歷史,那就是抗戰勝利以後,中英兩國為了香港的受降接收所引發的激烈的主權爭執。雖然折衝的最後是中英各讓一步,我國並未能在打敗日本之後如願的接收香港,但是當年蔣中正委員長的苦心孤詣,以及國民政府對收回失地的努力仍然必須肯定。
July 1st, 1997, the Great Britain returned Hong Kong, whose ceding to Britain a historical product of one-hundred-year unequal treaties, back to the possession of the People’s Republic of China. Since then, Hong Kong has been given a new identity on the world stage-the Special Administration Region of the People’s Republic of China. However, before 1950, the Republic of China (R.O.C.) government’s attitude toward taking back Hong Kong had been determined, consistent, and relentless, a part of history should not be left out of people’s memories. This article will offer a review of the negotiation and conflicts between China and UK over Hong Kong’s sovereignty since the Republican China, from the points of the three core countries-China, Britain, and the United States which were mostly related to the Hong Kong issues. A detailed description will be offered on Commander Chiang Kai-shek’s efforts to reclaim possession of Hong Kong following Japan’s surrender. The dispute ended on concession from both sides; despite the R.O.C. government’s failed attempt to reclaim Hong Kong, Commander Chiang and the R.O.C. government’s efforts should be given appropriate acknowledgements.
Relation: 白沙人文社會學報, 創刊號:295-316
Appears in Collections:[歷史學研究所] 期刊論文

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