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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/14356

Title: 傳統與變異──論姚際恆、崔述、方玉潤的解《詩》基調
Tradition and Individual Interpretations: Studies of The Book
of Songs by Yao Jiheng, Cui Shu, and Fang Yurun
Authors: 黃忠慎
Contributors: 國文學系
Keywords: 姚際恒;崔述;方玉潤;傳統;《詩經》;漢學
Yao Jiheng;Cui Shu;Fang Yurun;Tradition;The Book of Songs
Date: 2009-07
Issue Date: 2012-10-25T08:38:05Z
Publisher: 東海大學中文系
Abstract: 姚際恆、崔述、方玉潤的《詩經》學著作,無不表現出「獨立」、「超
然」、「懷疑」的特色,這樣的同質性,使吾人可以稱其為清代「獨立治
《詩》」三大家。
姚氏等三人分據清代初、中、晚三個時期,卻又同時隔絕於主流的學術
之外,當時的學術思潮對三人的影響不大,而且三人或有意或無意地貶抑當
時的主流學術價值觀,以是在治學、研經的途徑、方法上顯得與眾不同。
姚氏等三人的解《詩》著作不僅與當時的學術主流有極大的差距,連學
術派別都無法劃分,不是漢、宋兼採,也不走考據路線,更非屬今文經學系
統。這三人的著作在當時都鮮為人知,直到民國初年才受到學者注意,並給
予極高的評價,至今日已成為學術上的重要研究對象。
本文考察姚氏等三人的解《詩》方法,檢視其對於《詩經》傳統詮釋的
態度,以及各人對於傳統的取捨,檢證近代學者對於三大家著作的評語,用
意在擴大研究的視野,並確認三人在《詩經》學史上的實際價值。
Yao Jiheng, Cui Shu, and Fang Yurun are three important scholars on The
Book of Songs in the Qing dynasty. Their separate studies of The Book of Songs
are characteristic of detached, inquisitive, and independent attitudes. Yao, Cui,
and Fang lived in the early, mid- and late Qing dynasty, respectively, all standing
away from the main stream study of the classics. They scarcely followed the
thoughts of their contemporary scholars, but rather, intentionally or not, debased
them. Together, they differed conspicuously from other scholars in their research
orientations and methods.
Their studies of The Book of Songs were so special that none of them could
be attributed easily to any specific scholarly schools. Their scholarships could be
categorized as neither the Han-style, the Song-style, the exegetic style, nor any
system in “the modern texts of the classics.” Their scholarships did not earn much
attention until 1910s, the early period of the Republican era, but have since
invited serious studies.
This article discusses the methods Yao, Cui, and Fang each used in their
studies of The Book of Songs, their individual attitudes toward its hermeneutic
tradition, the ways in which they each turned away from traditional interpretations, and modern scholars' commentaries on their work. The purposes of this article are to expand the scholarly scope of this particular classics and to confirm the importance of the scholarships established by the three scholars in the hermeneutic history of The Book of Songs.
Relation: 東海中文學報, 21: 37-66
Appears in Collections:[國文學系] 期刊論文

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