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Title: 心學、理學、史學兼綜之《詩》本義探尋──王應麟《詩經》學試析
The Study on Wang Yinglin’s Shijing Study Han-ping Hu & Yao-zong Yan
Authors: 胡瀚平;閻耀棕
Contributors: 國文學系
Keywords: 《詩經》;王應麟;三家詩;〈毛詩〉
Wang Ying-lin;Shijing Study;Three Schools of the Classic of Poetry;Mao School
Date: 2012-03
Issue Date: 2012-11-22T04:32:50Z
Publisher: 彰化師範大學文學院
Abstract: 宋代經學風氣,多務於擺落漢唐舊說,學者一空依傍,習於間出己意,各肆其
The trend of academic study in the Song Dynasty mostly aimed to get rid of the
cliché brought forth in the Han and Tang Dynasties. Scholars no longer sought to imitate
the works of their predecessors, but to carry out their own theories, doubting and
re-editing the classics. As for the studies of the Classic of Poetry, apart from attaching the
theories of Han and Tang Dynasties, each and every branch of study had its own
argument. In the end, the theories were diverged and disaccorded.
Between the mid-1200s to the late-1200s A.D., Wang Yinglin (王應麟,1223-1296)
combined the arguments of Zhu Xi (朱熹,1130-1200), Liu Jiuyuan (陸九淵,1139-1193)
and Lu Zuqian (呂祖謙,1137-1181) in his studies. Song-yuan Xue An describes his
studies as “a selected collection of arguments from multiple schools”. With the studies of
Lu as bases, he advanced to Zhu’s studies to build up the method of analysis and
demonstration; and he finally reached the state of Liu. He had apparently followed the
principle of “starting from the modest and progressing upward” in his process of
academic pursuit. This principle is also shown in the study of the Classic of Poetry.
Wang’s remaining works which specialized in the Classic of Poetry include Shi Di Li Kao
[literally meaning “a research on the geography of the Classic of Poetry”], Shi Kao
[literally meanng “a research on the Classic of Poetry”]. His studies of the Classic of
Poetry can also be found in Liu Jin Tian Wen Bian [or Treaties on Astromony in the Six
Classics] and Kun Xue Ji Wen [literally meanng “about the difficulties in learning”].
These indicate that there were great efforts put into the related area.
Wang lived till an old age and his academic level has advanced with his age. He
gathered and unified different theories defining the essence of the Classic of Poetry.
Close attention must be paid to his method of unification, the characteristics of the study
of Classic of Poetry he established, as well as the historical significance of that study.
This study aims to observe how Wang defined the essence of the Classic of Poetry and
his method of unification. By doing this, the researcher wishes to analyze how the Classic
of Poetry and to see objectively the overall perspective of this area of study.
Relation: 彰化師範大學文學院學報, 5: 37-52
Appears in Collections:[文學院學報] 第五期

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