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题名: Abstract of the English Landscape Garden in Andrew Marvell’s Five Poems
安德魯‧馬威爾五首詩中的英國地景花園
作者: Chung, Shu-Hua
关键词: Landscape;Garden;Nature;Philosophy;Relationship
地景;花園;自然;哲學;關係
日期: 2012-03
上传时间: 2012-11-22T04:34:03Z
出版者: 彰化師範大學文學院
摘要: a number of poets have made contributions to it. Among them, Andrew Marvell
(1621-1678) in his five poems depicts the landscape garden, including the external world
in nature and the internal mind of mankind. Focusing upon the landscape garden in
Marvell's five poems, “The Garden” (1662), “The Mower, Against Gardens” (1664-1665),
“The Damon Mower,” “The Mower to the Glo-worms” (1667) and “The Mower’s Song”
(1668), this paper aims to explore the poet's philosophy of nature, especially his
perspective of the relationship between nature and mankind. In these five poems, Marvell
reveals his philosophy of nature which is composed of three dimensions—the pastoral,
the Biblical and the mythological. He suggests that the philosophy of nature, in the frame
of traditional pastoral, tends to be by no means a Dionysian libertinism but rather a
Christian contemplation observed in “The Garden.” In “The Mower, Against Gardens,”
he declares that a natural order rather than an artificial decoration in nature is important
and deserves attention. The relationship between nature and mankind is illustrated in
“The Mower to the Glo-worms” and in “The Mower’s Song.” The author will apply the
landscape theory to the discussion on these five poems and would argue that the
relationship between nature and mankind under the plume of Marvell presents an
ambivalent phenomenon: hostile but harmonious.
地景花園是十七世紀英國文學的常見主題,許多詩人對此有所貢獻。其中,安
德魯‧馬威爾(1621-1678)在五首詩中描繪地景花園,包括自然的外在世界與人的內
在心靈。本文集中在馬威爾的五首詩,〈花園〉(1662)、〈割草者,對抗花園〉
(1664-1665)、〈割草者〉、〈割草者對螢火蟲說〉(1667)、〈割草者之歌〉(1668),試
探索詩人的自然哲學,特別是他對自然與人之關係的看法。馬威爾在這五首詩中顯
露三度空間──田園詩、聖經、神話──自然哲學。他暗示,傳統田園詩架構下的
自然哲學絕非是酒神式的放蕩行為,而是基督教的沈思冥想;見於〈花園〉。他在〈割
草者,對抗花園〉中聲明,自然秩序而非自然中的人工裝飾,才是重要而值得注意
的。自然與人之關係闡明於〈割草者對螢火蟲說〉、〈割草者之歌〉。筆者將應用地景
理論以討論這五首詩,而證明馬威爾筆下,自然與人之關係模稜兩可的現象:不僅
敵對亦是和諧。
關聯: 彰化師範大學文學院學報, 5: 147-162
显示于类别:[文學院學報] 第五期

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