Let A be a prime ring of characteristic not 2, with center Z(A) and with involution *. Let S be the set of symmetric elements of A. Suppose that f:S→A is an additive map such that [f(x),f(y)]=[x,y] for all x,y∈S. Then unless A is an order in a 4-dimensional central simple algebra, there exists an additive map μ:S→Z(A) such that f(x)=x+μ(x) for all x∈S or f(x)=-x+μ(x) for all x∈S.
Linear Algebra and its Applications, 432(1): 14-23