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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/15495

Title: Veil the Faith in Tribal Visions: Religion and Belief Conflicts in Louise Erdrich's Love Medicine and Tracks
Authors: Chang, Yueh-Chen
Contributors: 英語學系
Keywords: Belief conflict;Religious proselytism;Catholicism;Tribal vision tricksterism
Date: 2001-10
Issue Date: 2013-02-05T02:27:05Z
Publisher: 國立暨南國際大學
Abstract: The encroachment of Catholicism on the North American continent has been deemed to be the main culprit that weakens and undermines the traditional beliefs and cultures of Native Americans. The impact that Catholicism exerts on the Chippewa community and the cultural tension derived from the conflicting belief systems between Catholicism and Chippewa traditional spiritual beliefs constitute the central themes of Louise Erdrich's works. This essay draws on Erdrich's novels, Love Medicine: New and Expanded Version (1993), and Tracks (1988) to analyze the way in which bicultural, mixed-blood Erdrich depicts the spiritual malady and psychological illness of her characters in the face of belief conflicts. It is intended to discover how her characters make a religious choice in order to survive well. Detailed textual analysis demonstrates Erdrich's skepticism and ambivalence towards tribal belief and Catholicism. It shows, on the one hand, that to some Chippewas, mixed-blood Chippewas in particular, religious proselytism is merely a strategy adopted to repress their sense of identity confusion, ensuring their prosperity and pride in a mainstream society. Underlying this spiritual confusion and anxiety lies a wish to return to the reservation to seek spiritual strength. On the other hand, it also argues that Erdrich's characters, for the sake of surviving economic pauperism and cultural/religious colonialism, veil their real faith either in the tenets of traditional tribal vision or traditional trickstering humor. It contends that Erdrich transforms the traditional trickster narrative to underline the belief that only in their reliance on old-time cultures and humor can the Chippewas find the strength to counteract religious assimilationism and cultural genocide, asserting their spiritual sovereignty and freedom.
西方天主教隨美洲白人殖民統治進入原住民的生活,動搖其傳統文化與信抑。美國奇帕佤族小說家露意絲.顎翠琪在其小說中持續呈現天主教信抑對其族人生活及命運所造成的衝擊與影響以及因信仰衝突所造成的文化緊張關係。本論文選取其四部曲小說中的兩部,《愛情靈藥》及《蹤跡》,探討具雙文化,混血血統身分的露意絲.顎翠琪如何深入其部族人物內在心理,探索在殖民式的天主教文化及傳統信抑衝突中,部族人物導向何種信抑的選擇,尋得安身立命之道。 文本的分析揭示露意絲.顎翠琪對傳統信抑及天主教的信抑的矛盾情壞。論文中一方面指陳對奇帕佤部族社群而言,所謂的宗教的融合僅止於表象,事實上,對某些具白人血統的奇帕佤部族人而言,改信天主教的行為只是隱藏及壓抑其認同及身份焦慮,尋求在主流社會的定位與尊榮,然在其焦慮的背後則是對部族傳統信抑的眷戀與渴望。他方面論證露意絲.顎翠琪如何挪用其部族之嘻笑逗趣之搗蛋鬼式變形傳統,呈現奇帕佤族人將其真正的部族靈視及信仰置於捉狹式的幽默傳統中,期以在經濟困厄,信仰文化衝突的被殖民情境中,抗拒宗教同化及文化滅絕之威脅,尋求心靈的自主。
Relation: 暨大學報, 5(2): 109-135
Appears in Collections:[英語學系] 期刊論文

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