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|Title: ||Fluorescence Detection of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms Using a Thymidine-Based Molecular Beacon. Biosens|
|Authors: ||Liu, C.-W.;Lin, Y.-W.;Huang, C.-C.;Chang, H.-T.|
|Keywords: ||Molecular beacon|
Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)
Hereditary tyrosinemia type I
|Issue Date: ||2010-11-10T06:52:14Z
|Abstract: ||We have developed a universal molecular beacon (T7-MB-T7) for the detection of single-nucleotide polymorphisms(SNPs). The beacon, which contains a 19-mer loop and a stem comprising a pair of seven
thymidine (T) bases, forms double-stranded structures with target DNA molecules, leading to increases in the fluorescence of ethidium bromide (EthBr) as a result of intercalation. The interactions of the beacon
with perfectly matched (DNApm) and single-base mismatched (DNAmm) DNA strands are stronger and weaker, respectively, than those with Hg2+ ions. As a result, the fluorescence of a solution containing T7-MB-T7, DNApm, EthBr, and Hg2+ is higher than that of a corresponding solution containing T7-MBT7, DNAmm, EthBr, and Hg2+, because the former has a greater number of intercalation sites for EthBr. Under the optimal conditions (100nM T7-MB-T7, 20mMNaCl, 5.0 MHg2+, and 300 nMEthBr in 5.0mM Tris–HCl solution, pH 7.4), the plot of the fluorescence intensity against the concentration of DNApm was linear over the range 5.0–100nM (R2 = 0.98). A similar probe, T7-MBt-T7, is sensitive and selective for the detection of a gene associated with hereditary tyrosinemia type I. Relative to conventional MBs, our new probe offers the advantages of higher selectivity toward DNA, less nonspecific binding toward single-stranded-DNA-binding protein, greater resistance to nuclease digestion, and low cost; therefore, we suspect that this system holds great potential for practical studies of SNPs.
|Relation: ||Bioelectron., 24, 2541-2546|
|Appears in Collections:||[化學系] 期刊論文|
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