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The Story of the Daoist Teachings of Publicity in San-yan
|Issue Date: ||2013-05-28T09:36:15Z
|Abstract: ||馮夢龍（1574－1646 年）於天啟年間出版《古今小說（喻世明言）》、《警世通言》、《醒世恆言》，後世統稱為「《三言》」。《三言》的出版有「商業利益」的考量，作者與讀者要達成最大的經濟共識。所以筆者將《三言》當作民間集體意識的反映，並將話本作為史料，觀察話本中道教的宗教理想，並藉此瞭解明代的道教文化。雖然佛教承繼道家思想頗多，然而在話本中還是可以看出道教一再地和佛教較勁，顯現自己比佛教厲害。《三言》中的道教故事都是宣揚個人羽化成仙、降妖伏魔|
Yushi Mingyan (喻世明言，Clear Words to Inform the World), Jingshi Tongyan (警世通言，Common Words to Warn the World), and Xingshi Hengian (醒世恆言，Constant Words to Awaken the World) were written by Feng Menglong (馮夢龍，1574-1646) and published during the Tianqi period in the Ming Dynasty (明朝天啟年間). The succeeding generations collectively referred to them as San-yan (三言). The publishers of San-yan had “commercial interests” in mind and aimed to reach a maximum “economic consensus.” Therefore the author of this paper regards San-yan as the reflection of collective consciousness of the civil society and treats the vernacular novel collection as historical data to observe the ideals Daoism represent. The author also intends to comprehend the Daoist culture during the Ming Dynasty.
Although Buddhism inherited many thoughts from Daoism, the competition between them is visible in San-yan which attempts to manifest that Daoism overpowers Buddhism. The Daoist stories in San-yan propagates miraculous events of becoming immortal and the triumphs over monsters and demons. It manifests the teachings of reward and punishment and the crackdown on evils with “miraculous feats,” “overpowering demons,”and “the immortal belief.” On the whole, the complex and mixed nature of Daoism reduces its essential teachings. San-yan depicts common people’s ignorance about the essence of Daoism. As a result, even the intellectuals are confused about Daoism, Buddhism and Confucianism. Generally speaking, the Theories of Daoism presented in San-yan are not as sophisticated as Confucian and Buddhist doctrines. This novel reflects the people’s keen interest in Daoist deities’ magical power; however, the practice of Daoism is rendered impossible as the vernaculars on the methods have been “simplified.”
|Relation: ||彰化師範大學文學院學報, 6: 135-154|
|Appears in Collections:||[文學院學報] 第六期|
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