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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/17565

Title: 網格式數值高程模型擷取河系集流閾值之探討
The Threshold of Flow Accumulation on Channel Network Extraction from Grid-Based DEM
Authors: 詹仕堅;孫志鴻
Contributors: 地理學系
Keywords: 河系;數值高程模型;集流閾值;等降
Channel network;Digital elevation model;DEM;Threshold of flow accumulation;Constant drop;Horton's laws
Date: 2000-12
Issue Date: 2013-12-03T03:10:49Z
Publisher: 國立台灣大學地理環境資源系
Abstract: 河系為集水區地形的重要特徵,許多河系地形參數與集水區水文研究息息相關,隨著GIS技術的進步與數值高程模型資料的普及,藉由GIS流量累積法自網路程式DEM中自動生產集水區河系,已成為相當普遍且有效的方法,然而,對於關鍵性的「級流閩值」,大多流於主觀的概略性評斷,欠缺客觀的評估依據。本研究結合等降法則、GIS與統計分析方法,使用國內40公尺空間解析度的網格式DEM進行集水區河系的擷取,並檢核等降程序分析最適集流閩值方式的有效性與合理性;透過與1:25,000及1:10,000地形圖數值化資料的分析比較,評估DEM擷取河系的空間正確性。由德基水庫上游七家灣溪集水區進行的實證研究結果顯示,等降程序在擷取符合Horton`s laws地形法則的河系上存在有效性,但是無法確認其分析所得之集流閩值的最適性;擷取河系之ㄧ般河段的高程落差呈現明顯右偏態,應以對數常態分布觀點來執行等降程序比較合理:同時也發現DEM擷取河系所計算的各項Horton`s laws參數,對集流閩值呈現明顯的敏感性。以地形圖數值化資料為比對標準的分析結果顯示,DEM擷取河系有相當程度的空間正確性,但是無法有效分析一級河段最上游起始位置的局部性變異。
Channel networks are important features fordescribing the topography of drainage basins. With the progress of GIS and more accessible digital elevation modeling (DEM) data, we can now extract the channel network from DEM readily. Using the GIS function called flow accumulation from grid-based DEM is the most popular method on extracting the channel network. However, the threshold of flew accumulation is the key factor in channel network extraction and should be decided more accurately. This study extracts the channel network of the Chi-Cha-Wan watershed from 40 meters resolution DEM with the integration of constant drop law, GIS and statistical methods, and compares it with the digital data from 1:10,000 and 1:25,000 topographic maps. The results show that channel networks extracted from DEM match Horton`s laws with a high level of accuracy, but could not prove that the threshold of flow accumulation found by constant drop procedures is the optimal result. The frequency distribution of the channel lengths of first-reder segments skewed to the right, and should be corrected by using the logarithm of length when using the constant dop procedure. The parameters of Horton`s laws measured from extracted channel networks are senstitive to the changing threshold. The comparison of spatial accuracy between the extracted channels and the rivers shown on the topographic maps demonstrates some limitation of flow the accumulation method of which, the identification of first-order channel heads is the major one.
Relation: 國立臺灣大學地理學系地理學報, 28: 27-45
Appears in Collections:[地理學系] 期刊論文

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