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The Symphony of Nationalist Movements for Saving China during the Modern Era: China's Recovery of Sovereignty, National Independence, and the Restoration of Confucian and Chinese Culture, 1842~1912
Nationalism;Sovereignty;Confucianism;National identity;Cultural restoration
|Issue Date: ||2013-12-30T06:47:15Z
This paper focuses on examining the efforts made by modern Chinese nationalists to recover China's sovereignty, to struggle for national survival, and to restore Chinese culture. The paper also discusses the issues of national and cultural identity, which has been a controversial debate among intellectuals. In essence, the nationalistic movements for saving China was presented in three approaches: 1. The political nationalist movement focused on anti-imperialism. The nationalists included officials, merchants, and intellectuals aimed at recovering the independence of China's sovereign. 2. In order to make China wealthy and powerful, for competing with the Western Powers, the reformers were devoted to modernizing the educational system by studying western technology, while preserving the traditions of Confucianism at the same time. They emphasized that Confucian ethics are the basis of national identity. They also stressed that all Chinese peoples must be consolidated into one group as the means for expelling imperialistic powers. 3. The revolutionary nationalists engaged in anti-Manchu revolution in order to build a Republic nation-state. The ultimate end of revolution was to recover the freedom and independence of China. The revolutionary Sinologists were devoted to preserving both national heritage and national identity. They emphasized that the common language and ancestor are the basis of national identity. Nonetheless, they also challenged the authority of Confucianism. Finally, the effect of nationalism must be carefully valued. In the case of China, the ideology of nationalism can become the dynamics of unifying national consciousness. In spite of this, ethnicity nationalism also became the main destabilized factor in modern China.
|Relation: ||白沙人文社會學報, 1: 317-378|
|Appears in Collections:||[台灣文學研究所] 期刊論文|
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