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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/1785

Title: 性別化公民主體
Authors: 陳素秋
Contributors: 政治學研究所
Keywords: 公民身分
公民主體
性別政治
身體性自我
關係性自我
敘說性自我
citizenship
civic subject
gender politics
embodied self
relational self
narrative self
Date: 2008
Issue Date: 2010-11-12T08:25:55Z
Abstract: 性別政治研究指出,傳統政治理論與研究常以男性經驗為常模,忽略弱勢性別公民生活經驗,因而造成對弱勢性別公民的支配與壓迫,其中公民身分的相關規範與內涵亦然。本文旨在檢視公民身分實踐中的性別偏頗,嘗試提出更能納入弱勢性別公民生活經驗的公民身分內涵。
基於公民身分內涵之界定往往由其所預設之公民主體所導引,本文因此選擇以公民主體作為分析切入點。在透過反思傳統公民主體之性別偏頗,以及台灣現行弱勢性別公民生活處境後,提出一韋伯式理念型的性別化公民主體,其包含身體性自我、關係性自我與敘說性自我三面向。本文主張,以此公民主體理念型為依據,檢視公民身分規範,將有助於納入弱勢性別公民生活經驗,促進公民身分實踐之性別平權。本文並以此理念型為依據,針對台灣社會脈絡,提出將依賴關係納入政治社群生活規範、公民身體應免於被問題症狀化、具體他人的差異需求具規範正當性、以公民敘說創造公民參與內涵等四項公民身分內涵,以實現公民身分實踐上的性別平權。
Scholars argue that political theory has traditionally assummed men’s life experences as the norm. This bias leads to the deprivation and the domination of other genders. This article explores gender bias in the concept of citizenship, an idea essential to political theory, in order to provide a more gender-inclusive model of citizenship.
Drawing attention to citizenship theory, this article examines the image of the civic subject, which is presumed to define the content of citizenship. Specifically, I aim to uncover the inherent gender bias in the constitution of the civic subject within liberalism and republicanism, and to analyze the practice of citizenship among the disadvantaged gender in Taiwan. This article will reconstruct a Weberian ideal type of the gendered civic subject which incorporates the embodied self, relational self and narrative self. Employing this ideal type of civic subject to review the norm of citizenship facilitates bringing back citizen life for the disadvantaged gender and, as a result, addressing the gender bias. Finally, on the basis of the gendered civic subject, this article presents four themes which accomplish a more gender-inclusive model of citizenship: (1) the dependency of the citizen as the basic condition of citizenship; (2) the exemption of disadvantaged citizens’ bodies from being problematized; (3) the recongnition of the legitimacy of the need of concrete others; and (4) the encouragement of a civic narrative to create a new model and significance for civic participation.
Relation: 女學學誌
Appears in Collections:[政治學研究所] 期刊論文

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