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Title: An International Investigation of Preservice Science Teachers' Pedagogical and Subject Matter Knowledge Structures
Authors: Lederman, Norman G.;Chang, Huey-Por
Contributors: 物理學系
Keywords: Teachers' knowledge structures;Teacher education
Date: 1997-05
Issue Date: 2014-02-18T02:34:29Z
Publisher: 行政院國家科學委員會
Abstract: The nature and development of an international sample of preservice s cience teachers' subject matter and pedagogical knowledge structures were assessed as they proceeded through student teaching. Twelve American and 14 Taiwanese preservice science teachers were asked to create representations of their subject matter and pedagogical knowledge structures before and after their student teaching experience. They also participated in a videotaped interview concerning knowledge structure represen-tations and transcribed interviews with and between subjects were performed. Initial knowledge structures were typically linear and not coherent. Subject matter representations were stable, while pedagogy structures were susceptible to change, in the American sample, as a consequence of teaching. The American preservice teachers perceived pedagogy and subject matter as distinct and exerting separate influences on classroom practice, while the Taiwanese sample consistently exhibited difficulty in sepa-rating subject matter from pedagogy. Differences between the nature and development of the knowledge structure representations of the two groups were related to both cultural differences and differences in approaches to teacher preparation between the two countries. Taken within the context of prior research, the results support the assertion that a clear relationship exists between the complexity of teachers' knowledge structures and subsequent translation into classroom practice. Given that only one teacher preparation program from each country constituted the sample for the investigation, the reader is cautioned against over-generalizing the results to Taiwan and the U.S. in general. However, this initial cross-cultural investigation does raise some questions concerning the differences in approach to teacher education in Taiwan and the U.S.
Relation: Proceedings of the National Science Council, Republic of China, Part D: Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 7(2): 110-122
Appears in Collections:[Department of Physics] Periodical Articles

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