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An Investigation of Junior High School Students’ Views of Science and Scientists
Nature of science;Images of scientists;Junior high students
|Issue Date: ||2014-02-18T02:34:48Z
The purpose of this study was to investigate (1) the views of scientists held by junior high students, (2) students’ understandings of science, and (3) students’ knowledge of scientists. All data related to the views of science and scientists were both qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed. Thirty-seven students in an intact class were invited to participate in the study. The students were gifted students. All students were asked to draw figures of scientists at the beginning of this study in June of 1999. Then, five students were selected to be interviewed, based on the completeness, focus, and clarity of their drawn figures. The main objective of this follow-up interview was to probe students’ understandings of science and scientists, and to further clarify and explain what they had drawn. Then, twenty-three of these students participated in a science and cultural program provided by Oregon State University, USA. Finally, a questionnaire was used to investigate students’ traditional versus contemporary views of scientists and scientific knowledge. This study supported the results of earlier studies, especially with respect to the scientist’s appearance, workplace, equipment and laboratory. It was interesting to note that the symbols of science seemed common in this world. Although students recognized that the major works of scientists were the creation and discovery of knowledge, they tended to categorize the creation of technology as part of science as well. However, one student pointed out that the scientists are the ones who are trying to generate new knowledge by conducting research. Several students also mentioned that speculation, assumption, discussion and publication were all needed in scientific research. It should be noted that the 14 students who did not participate in the program at Oregon State University tended to have traditional views of science and scientists. Overall, students tended to have contemporary views of scientists’ roles, but they still held traditional views of science. In order to enhance students’ knowledge of the nature of science and their views of scientists, specially designed activities and field experiences should be included in science classes. It is recommended that a follow-up study be conducted in the context of an instructional approach that integrates museum and research laboratory visits with various classroom activities. Such an investigation should provide further information on how teachers can facilitate the development of students’ understandings of science and scientists.
|Relation: ||教育研究資訊雙月刊, 8(5): 136-152|
|Appears in Collections:||[物理學系] 期刊論文|
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