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题名: 小組立場、小組組成及文本特性對於學生論證生殖遺傳新聞之效應
The Effects of Group Stand-Point, Group Composition and Text Structure on Students' Argumentative Reasoning Based on News Articles
作者: 蔡佩穎;張惠博;林雅慧;張文華
贡献者: 物理學系
关键词: 小組討論;小組組成;科學素養;科學新聞;科學論證
Group Discussion;Group Composition;Science Literacy;Science News Articles;Science Argumentation
日期: 2010-06
上传时间: 2014-02-18T02:37:11Z
出版者: 中華民國科學教育學會
摘要: 在教學中運用科學新聞,有助學生連結教材裡與生活中的科學;探討影響學生處理科學新聞文本以形成價值主張的相關因素,對於培養學生多元素養具重要意義。本研究探討七年級學生討論生殖遺傳新聞文本,對於學生小組立場與理由的影響,並進而分析不同小組立場、組成、以及運用不同性質文本的情形。研究結果顯示超過70%的七年級學生在討論後表示接受科學新聞的立場,但學生並未能適切掌握文章裡的論證元素。卡方分析則顯示「小組討論前立場」(p<.001)與「小組組成」(p<.05)影響「小組討論後立場」,此外,科學新聞文本中的概念分支結構,也是影響小組學生討論後立場的因素。研究者建議慎選新聞素材,並發展教學法培養學生判讀科學新聞媒體之素養。
Using news articles in science instruction assists students in connecting science in school with science in life. Exploring the factors that influence students in forming value claims when they deal with various science news articles is of significance for developing scientific literacy and media literacy. Our research focused on using different reproduction/genetics news articles to study what stand-points and reasons seventh graders adopt when they read scientific news articles as well as how students' positions and argumentative reasoning were changed by small group discussion. The results indicated that more than 70% of seventh graders accepted the position presented in selected science news articles. The "position before discussion" (p<.001) and "group composition" (p<.05) significantly affected their position after group discussion. The structure of concept branches in the text of science news articles was another influencing factor. The research suggests that science teachers need to choose news materials carefully and develop pedagogies for cultivating students' critical literacy in reading media.
關聯: 科學教育學刊, 18(3): 253-276
显示于类别:[物理學系] 期刊論文

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