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Title: Efficient Heck Reactions Catalyzed by Palladium(0) and -(II) Complexes Bearing N-Heterocyclic Carbene and Amide Functionalities
Authors: Lee, Jhen-Yi;Cheng, Pi-Yun;Tsai, Yi-Hua;Lin, Guan-Ru;Liu, Shih-Pu;Sie, Ming-Han;Lee, Hon Man
Contributors: 化學系
Date: 2010-09
Issue Date: 2014-08-14T04:30:24Z
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: A palladium(0) NHC complex Pd0(LH1)2(MA) (MA=maleic anhydride) was prepared from the amide-imidazolium salt [LH1H2]Cl (H1= NH proton; H2 NCHN proton). The X-ray diffraction studies confirmed that a η2-MA ligand and two monodentate NHC ligands with the H1 protons remaining intact are coordinated. These NH protons are involved in intra- or intermolecular hydrogen bonds stabilizing the solid-state structure. Degradation of Pd(LH1)2(MA) in air leads to the formation of the chelate complex trans-PdIIL2 and other unidentified products. Negative-ion electrospray mass spectrometry revealed some intriguing Pd(0) species, including a 14-electron [Pd0L]- species that bears only a bidentate NHC/amido ligand. The anionic amido group imparts a high electron density on a palladium center, as shown by X-ray photoelectron study. The palladium- (0) precatalyst is highly efficient in catalyzing Heck reactions with activated aryl chlorides in ionic liquid. For deactivating aryl chlorides and bulky aryl bromides, cis-PdIIL2 is more effective. A range of Heck-coupled products can be prepared by Pd0(LH1)2(MA) and cis-PdIIL2. The latter complex also successfully mediates one-pot sequential Heck/Heck and Suzuki/Heck coupling reactions with 4-bromochlorobenzene as substrate.
Relation: Organometallics, 29(17): 3901-3911
Appears in Collections:[化學系] 期刊論文

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