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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/19631

Title: 應用崩塌與土石流整合模式於坡地災害之研究
Applying Landslide and Debris-flow Integrated Model for Assessing Hillslope Hazards
Authors: 陳毅青;沈哲緯;鍾佩蓉;邱昱嘉;吳映昕;姜壽浩
Contributors: 地理學系
Keywords: 崩塌;土石流;整合模式;Debris 2D;複合型災害;羌黃坑地區
Landslide;Debris-flow;Debris 2D;Composed hazards;Qianghuangkeng village
Date: 2013-09
Issue Date: 2015-04-29T04:10:56Z
Abstract: 本近年來台灣災害類型大多屬於崩塌與土石流同時發生的複合型災害,但目前對於複合型災害的研究仍然相當缺乏。本研究利用崩塌體積-面積法估算崩塌體積,結合Debris 2D二為土石流模式,稱之為整合崩塌體積估算與 Debris 2D模擬,以台南市南化區玉山里的羌黃坑地區,並且測試崩塌料源、模式參數與數值地形模型與崩塌位置對於土石流模擬之敏感度。結果顯示莫拉克颱風於羌黃坑地區產生崩塌體積共計15,099 m3,土石流影響範圍與實際觀測範圍相當符合,並且模擬結果在青山宮後方之土石流流深為3.2 m,與野外觀測的3~4公尺相當符合。而敏感度分析顯示土石流影響範圍受到崩塌體積、數值高程模型與料源位置影響甚鉅,而降伏應力則對較不敏感。最後,本研究建議結合經驗統計式的崩塌潛勢、崩塌體積-面積式與Debris 2D,並且以時間性的發生機率為基礎,評估複合型土砂災害風險。
The composed hazards, landslides and debris-flows happened continuously, were triggered frequently in recent year in Taiwan. However, the studies focused on this issue were still few. In this study, we combined the landslide volume-area relation and Debris-2D model to simulate the landslide and debris-flow hazards in the Qianghuangkeng village, and made the sensitive analysis of the landslide volume, model parameters, DEMs, and landslide location. The results show that the typhoon Morakot triggered 15,099 m3 of landslide volume. The simulated affected areas of debris-flow were well consistent with the observed area. And the simulated deposited depths were 3.2 m, corresponding to the observed depths of 3~4 m near the Chin-Shan temple. Sensitive analysis shows the landslide volume, DEMs, and landslide location are critical factors influenced on debris-flow simulation, rather than yield stress. Finally, we suggested that the applying of integrated model, combining landslide susceptibility, estimation of landslide volume, and debris-flow simulation, and the basis of temporal probability can help assessing risk of the composed hazards.
Relation: 第十五屆大地工程學術研究討論會論文集(Geotech2013)
Appears in Collections:[地理學系] 會議論文

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