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Comparison between Geographical and Architectural Theories in Settlement Research
|Issue Date: ||2015-06-08T07:44:48Z
|Abstract: ||聚落為組成地表的一個重要元素，為人類居住場所的集合體，強調人群的聚居及其所具有領域的社會結構。聚落研究則為瞭解聚落形成與變化的內涵、社會文化關係，藉由調查分析以描述人及空間的活動與意義。 自1930年代起，臺灣的聚落已有初步的區域性研究。1970年代後，因古蹟保存等運動，引起學界對臺灣本土文化相關領域的興趣，帶動聚落研究的風潮。基於關心人與空間的互動及學科整合應用的概念，本文以國家論文檢索系統的網路資訊，取得研究樣本，抽樣研究1960年代後，聚落在不同學科的研究年代、空間分佈與研究向度上的異同，研究結果如下： 1. 地理學與建築學關心聚落研究的尺度不同。 2. 臺灣西部區域聚落吸引兩學科研究者對聚落研究區域選址的興趣，兩學科在研究數量上的比例均超過80％，以臺灣西部區域之聚落為研究對象。 3. 臺灣東部離島的研究數量高於西部離島地區。 4. 人地關係為地理學的主要聚落研究向度。 5. 建築學研究者對傳統聚落的社會分析最有興趣。 聚落研究的整合，可應用在聚落風格的形塑、地域建築造型與使用者舒適度的考慮、甚至地球資源的運用等，提供學科整合的貢獻。聚落研究更需要整體的社會科學的研究參與，學科整合也是時代的趨勢，比較地理學與建築學在聚落研究的異同，提供聚落在未來研究可能方向的參考。|
Settlements are a significant part of creating a community. This helps to develop coherent societies that are organized and have a territory. By researching this phenomenon we can better understand how the settlements have developed and how they have changed over time. We will also understand the relationship between society and culture. The research uncovers the correlation between people and the space they use. Settlement research began in Taiwan, in the 1930's, however this was just for specific areas. Then in the late 1970's interest in settlement research was stimulated by academic research and the new idea of historical preservation. The main source of information for this research paper is the National Thesis Paper Index System from the Internet, where sample statistics from the 1960's were employed, to better understand each group and their territory. This research helps to uncover how different schools of thought have affected settlement research. The focus of the study is as follows: 1. A comparison between architectural and geographical standards. 2. An inquiry into the continued interest in the West of Taiwan, which has had over 80% of the academic research. 3. The discovery of interest in the Western Islands of Taiwan far above that of the Eastern Islands of Taiwan. 4. The geographical focus has been on land and its relationship with settlement. 5. The architectural focus has been on the structure of settlements. Integrating research will help to answer how and why different settlements have developed. Geopgraphical and architectural research is both necessary and complimentary. Academic research needs to use all resources available. The marriage of different schools of though will provided new and innovative answers to age old questions in settlement research.
|Relation: ||彰化師大文學院學報, 2: 87-109|
|Appears in Collections:||[地理學系] 期刊論文|
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