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The Number of the Chapters in Shang Shu as well as the Combination and Dividing of“Goo Ming” and “King Kong’s Mandate”
Shang Shu;Fu Shen;Modern edition;Ancient edition;“Goo Ming”;“King Kong’s Mandate”
|Issue Date: ||2015-06-15T09:24:53Z
Shang Shu is a famous classic in China. The huge differences between its ancient editions and the modern editions brought the most controversies among the Chinese classics. It’s a pity that the original forty-five chapters of Shang Shu on Kong Wall has lost when the fifty-eight chapters emerged in Eastern Jin Dynasty has caused a huge controversy since Song Dynasty. Those who insist on clarifying the doubts and winnowing the truth tend to set modern editions as the focus of their research. In the history of classic studying, there are a lot of disputes over the number of the
chapters of Shang Shu . According to this research, Shi Gi and Han Shu revealed that in the early Han Dynasty Fu Shen taught with twenty nine chapters of Shang Shu without including the two chapters of“Book Prefaceand＂“Tai Shi＂while “Goo Ming” and “King Kong’s Mandate” were divided into two chapters.
Nowadays when we talk about the chapters in modern editions of Shang Shu, we can find evidences in documents for so called twenty-eight chapters, twenty-nine chapters, thirty-one chapters, or thirty-two chapters. But if we use the noun “Fu Shen Shang Shu” instead of the noun “modern editions of Shang Shu”, then the former covers only twenty nine chapters with “Book Preface” and “Tai Shi” were excluded, and “Goo Ming” as well as “King Kong’s Mandate” were divided into two chapters.
In modern editions after Fu Shen, Oa Yang combined “Goo Ming” as well as “King Kong’s Mandate” into one chapter and added one volume of “Book Preface” together with three chapters three volumes of “Tai Shi”, which was viewed as taking “Book Preface” as “Ging” without adding interpretation for it. So, “Ging” had 32 volumes, but “zhangju” had 31 volumes. Like Oa Yang’s combining “Goo Ming” and “King Kong’s Mandate” into a chapter, Big and Small Hsia Ho edition excluded “Book Preface” and collected “Tai Shi” into a volume to make the total chapters 29 chapters as Fu Shen’s editon. “Goo Ming” and “King Kong’s Mandate” were consistent in the plots, and that was the reason that Oa Yang and Big and Small Hsia Ho combined these two into one. But as there were little differences in the genre, they were divided again into two chapters in East Jin Dynasty in consideration of their contents.
|Relation: ||彰化師範大學文學院學報, 7: 1-22|
|Appears in Collections:||[文學院學報] 第七期|
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