National Changhua University of Education Institutional Repository : Item 987654321/6583
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题名: 國中生人際價值、社會比較與學校滿意度之研究
其它题名: The Study of the Interpersonal Values, Social Comparison and School Satisfaction of Junior High School Students
作者: 朱麗勳
贡献者: 黃德祥
朱麗勳
关键词: 人際價值;社會比較;學校滿意度
interpersonal values;social comparison;school satisfaction
日期: 2005
上传时间: 2010-12-03
描述: 碩士
教育研究所
摘要: 本研究之目的在瞭解當前國中生的人際價值、社會比較與學校滿意度之關係。本研究採問卷調查法,以中部地區四縣市(台中縣、台中市、彰化縣、雲林縣)九十三年度就讀公立民中學之國一到國三學生共761人為研究對象,施以「人際價值觀量表」、「社會比較動機量表」、「社會比較方式量表」、「社會比較結果量表」與「學校生活滿意度量表」等量表,並以t檢定、單因子多變量變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關與逐步迴歸分析進行資料處理。
本研究之重要發現有:一、不同性別之國中生在共享價值、社會比較現象及學校滿意度上具有顯著差異。二、不同年級之國中生在人際價值、社會比較動機上無顯著差異。三、國三生比國一生更常進行向下比較,國三生比國二生在對照比較上產生較多正向共享感受,學校整體滿意度隨著年級增加而降低。四、不同人際價值組別國中生在社會比較與學校滿意度上有顯著差異。五、社會比較動機、社會比較導向、社會比較結果與學校滿意度之間,彼此具有關聯性。六、逐步迴歸分析結果顯示,國中生之人際價值、社會比較動機與社會比較導向對於社會比較結果具有顯著預測力。七、逐步迴歸分析結果顯示,國中生之人際價值與社會比較對學校滿意度具有顯著預測力。
最後,研究者根據文獻資料分析與主要研究結果發現,提供家長、教師、教育相關人員與未來研究之參考意見。
The main purposes of this study were to explore the relationships among variables of interpersonal values, social comparison and school satisfaction of junior high school students. A total of 761 students completed the instruments included “The Interpersonal Values Scale”, “The Social Comparison Motivation Scale”, “The Social Comparison Orientation Scale”, “The Social Comparison Consequence Scale” and “The School Satisfaction Scale”. The statistical methods included t-test, One-way MANOVA, Pearson Product-moment Correlation and Stepwise Multiple Regression.
The conclusions of this study were summarized as follows: 1. There were significant differences in students’ communal values, social comparison and school satisfaction concerning gender. 2. There were no significant differences in students’ interpersonal values and social comparison motivation based on grade level. 3. The downward comparison, contrastive comparison and global school satisfaction were affected significantly by grade level. 4. Significant differences were found in students’ social comparison and school satisfaction based on interpersonal value groups. 5. There were significant correlations between social comparison motivation, social comparison orientation, social comparison consequence and school satisfaction. 6. According to the outcome of stepwise multiple regression analysis, students’ interpersonal values, social comparison motivation and social comparison orientation could significantly predict the social comparison consequence. 7. Based on the result of the stepwise regression analysis, students’ interpersonal values and social comparison were significant predicators for students’ school satisfaction.
Finally, some suggestions for parents, teachers, education staffs, and further study were made according to the findings.
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