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Title: 國民中小學校長教學領導、教師專業成長與學校效能
Other Titles: A Study on the Relationship among Principals’ Instructional Leadership, Teachers’ Professional Growth and School Effectiveness of Elementary and Junior High Schools in Matsu Area
Authors: 曹玉福
Contributors: 林國楨
曹玉福
Keywords: 校長教學領導;教師專業成長;學校效能
Principals’ Instructional Leadership;Teachers’ Professional Growth;School Effectiveness.
Date: 2006
Issue Date: 2010-12-03
Description: 碩士
教育研究所
Abstract: 本研究旨在探討馬祖地區國民中小學校長教學領導、教師專業成長與學校效能之關係;首先,了解國民中小學教師所知覺的校長教學領導、教師專業成長及學校效能之現況;其次,探討不同背景變項之國民中小學教師所知覺的校長教學領導、教師專業成長及學校效能之差異情形;接著分析校長教學領導、教師專業成長與學校效能之關係,並根據研究結果提出具體建議,作為對馬祖地區教育行政機關、國民中小學校長與未來相關研究之參考。
本研究採問卷調查法進行,以馬祖地區所有國中小共151位教師為研究對象進行普查。回收有效問卷121份,採描述統計及Pearson積差相關等方法進行資料分析。本研究結果如下:
一、馬祖地區國民中小學教師所知覺之「校長教學領導」,得分平均數為3.63,屬中上程度。
二、不同背景變項教師所知覺到的「校長教學領導」有差異存在。
三、馬祖地區國民中小學教師所知覺之「教師專業成長」,得分平均數為3.67,屬中上程度。
四、不同背景變項教師所知覺到的「教師專業成長」有差異存在。
五、馬祖地區國民中小學教師所知覺之「學校效能」,得分平均數為 3.67,屬中上程度。
六、不同背景變項教師所知覺到的「學校效能」有差異存在。
七、馬祖地區國民中小學「校長教學領導」各向度與「教師專業成長」各向度有顯著正相關。
八、馬祖地區國民中小學「校長教學領導」各向度與「學校效能」各向度有顯著正相關。
九、馬祖地區國民中小學「教師專業成長」各向度與「學校效能」各向度有顯著正相關。
本研究建議如下:
一、對主管教育行政機關的建議
(一)將教學領導列入考核評鑑項目中,落實校長教學領導之作為 。
(二)校長甄選應加強國中校長的領導專業知能以提昇學校效能。
(三)鼓勵教師參與進修及研究發展,以增進教師專業成長。
(四)依據本研究各量表之向度指標,作為評鑑學校的參考。
(五)改進教師考核制度,落實教師教學專業評鑑。


二、對國民中小學校長的建議
(一)校長應不斷自我進修, 增進教學領導知能。
(二)善用資深教師豐富行政教學經驗,使之成為教師的楷模。
(三)實施兼職行政教師輪調制,加強與未兼職教師之溝通與互動。
(四)培養教師專業成長的風氣,進而提昇學校效能。
三、對未來研究的建議
(一)在研究對象方面:可擴展至金門、澎湖各離島,或原住民學校。
(二)在研究方法方面:可增加實地觀察、深度訪談等質的研究。
(三)在研究工具方面:可修訂本問卷,或發展更為妥適的研究工具。
(四)在研究變項方面:可加入更多研究變項及向度的內容。
This study aimed to investigate the relationship among principals’ instructional leadership, teachers’ professional growth and school effectiveness of elementary and junior high schools in Matsu Area. First, we were to acknowledge the current status of the three subjects. Second,
we were to probe the different perceptions existing in the teachers with different background variables about the three subjects. Third , we were to analyze the relationship among them. In addition, based on the findings, several suggestions were made for the concerned authorities, the principals of elementary and junior high schools and respective researchers.
This study was proceeding with survey. A census was selected including all of the 151 teachers from all elementary and junior high schools in Matsu Area, and 121 teachers, 80% of the sampling were considered valid. The descriptive statistics analysis and Pearson Correlation were used to analyze the data. Some conclusions are summarized as follows:
1. The teachers of junior high and elementary schools perceived an upper level on “principals’ instructional leadership” and the average was 3.63.
2. The teachers of the schools have different perceptions on “ principals’ instructional leadership” in terms of different demographic variables.
3.The teachers of the schools also perceived an upper level on “teachers’ professional growth”, and the average was 3.67.
4. The teachers of the schools have different perceptions on “teachers’ professional growth” in terms of different demographic variables.
5.The teachers of the schools also perceived an upper level on “ school effectiveness”, and the average was 3.67.
6. The teachers of the schools have different perceptions on “school effectiveness” in terms of different demographic variables.
7. There were positive and strongly significant correlations among all dimensions of principals’ instructional leadership and teachers’ professional growth .
8. There were positive and strongly significant correlations among all dimensions of principals’ instructional leadership and school effectiveness.
9. There were positive and strongly significant correlations among all
dimensions of teachers’ professional growth and school effectiveness.
Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Education] Dissertations and Theses

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