National Changhua University of Education Institutional Repository : Item 987654321/8992
English  |  正體中文  |  简体中文  |  全文笔数/总笔数 : 6491/11663
造访人次 : 24518443      在线人数 : 82
RC Version 3.2 © Powered By DSPACE, MIT. Enhanced by NTU Library IR team.
搜寻范围 进阶搜寻

jsp.display-item.identifier=請使用永久網址來引用或連結此文件: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/8992

题名: Modulation of Life-span by Histone Deacetylase Genes in Saccharomyces Cerevisiae
作者: Kim, S.;A. Benguria;C.Y. Lai;S.M. Jazwinski
贡献者: 生物系
日期: 1999-10
上传时间: 2011-05-16T07:39:44Z
出版者: American Society for Cell Biology
摘要: The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has a limited life-span, which is measured by the number of divisions that individual cells complete. Among the many changes that occur as yeasts age are alterations in chromatin-dependent transcriptional silencing. We have genetically manipulated histone deacetylases to modify chromatin, and we have examined the effect on yeast longevity. Deletion of the histone deacetylase gene RPD3 extended life-span. Its effects on chromatin functional state were evidenced by enhanced silencing at the three known heterochromatic regions of the genome, the silent mating type (HM), subtelomeric, and rDNA loci, which occurred even in the absence of SIR3. Similarly, the effect of the rpd3Δ on life-span did not depend on an intact Sir silencing complex. In fact, deletion of SIR3 itself had little effect on life-span, although it markedly accelerated the increase in cell generation time that is observed during yeast aging. Deletion of HDA1, another histone deacetylase gene, did not result in life-span extension, unless it was combined with deletion of SIR3. The hda1Δ sir3Δ resulted in an increase in silencing, but only at the rDNA locus. Deletion of RPD3 suppressed the loss of silencing in rDNA in a sir2 mutant; however, the silencing did not reach the level found in the rpd3Δ single mutant, and RPD3 deletion did not overcome the life-span shortening seen in the sir2 mutant. Deletion of both RPD3 and HDA1 caused a decrease in life-span, which resulted from a substantial increase in initial mortality of the population. The expression of both of these genes declines with age, providing one possible explanation for the increase in mortality during the life-span. Our results are consistent with the loss of rDNA silencing leading to aging in yeast. The functions of RPD3 and HDA1 do not overlap entirely. RPD3 exerts its effect on chromatin at additional sites in the genome, raising the possibility that events at loci other than rDNA play a role in the aging process.
關聯: Molecular biology of the Cell, 10(10):3125-3136
显示于类别:[生物技術研究所] 期刊論文

文件中的档案:

没有与此文件相关的档案.



在NCUEIR中所有的数据项都受到原著作权保护.

 


DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2004  MIT &  Hewlett-Packard  /   Enhanced by   NTU Library IR team Copyright ©   - 回馈