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Title: 從城市「中心」到「邊緣」的「上海人」:上海市中心區拆遷戶棲居歷程之研究
From";Center";to ";Periphery";: A Study of Relocation Process of Displaced Residents in Shanghai
Authors: 宋郁玲;姜蘭虹
Contributors: 地理學系
Keywords: 拆遷戶;地方感;中心;邊緣;上海;話語分析
Displaced residents;Sense of place;Center;Periphery;Shanghai;Conversation analysis
Date: 2008-06
Issue Date: 2012-04-27T07:22:04Z
Publisher: 臺灣社會研究雜誌社
Abstract: 本研究主要在分析上海拆遷戶的地方感——上海的「中心」與「邊緣」概念,如何在被拆遷居民拆遷的歷程中轉換,並且他們又是如何透過地方感的轉換過程來強化「上海人」的身份論述。研究的目的在呈現後社會主義中國大都市的快速發展下,這些受影響的拆遷戶在拆遷歷程中的處境,以揭示在學術討論中易被忽略的另一中國都市生活面貌。筆者於2004與2005年在上海中心城區對10位(2001年以後被動遷)動遷居民進行深度訪談(包括回訪),並以詮釋現象學的知識論基礎進行話語分析(conversation analysis)。
This research mainly aims to analyze how the sense of “center” and “periphery” of Shanghai changes among displaced residents in Shanghai during the process of urban demolition, and how their identity of “Shanghai people” are strengthened in the process. The objective of this study is to present the condition of these displaced residents who are affected by the rapid development in post-socialist China, and to add another easily-ignored dimension in the study of urban life in China. Fieldwork, which included initial and follow-up interviews of displaced residents in the central district of Shanghai, was conducted in the summers of 2004 and 2005 by the first author. Ten residents who were displaced after 2001 responded to her ethnographic interviews. Conversation analysis which was based on the foundation of hermeneutic phenomenology, was implemented to grasp the dynamics of everyday life experiences of these displaced residents.
Findings of this research show that gentrification has forced residents to move from the central district to the suburb after market economy was introduced to urban China. Displaced residents present their experiences and feelings in the process of demolition as discourses of “to move or not to move” and “having no choice”. However, “the periphery now becomes the center of the city in the future” is a general discourse showing the sense of place of displaced residents. This sense of place is constructed by the displaced residents with moving experiences and the dreams of Shanghai that reflects their perception of new places and the views of a changing Shanghai in the process of demolition. Moreover, the discourse makes them believe that they are still the real “Shanghai people” although they have moved to the periphery of the city, because the “center” can be replicated constantly in the city periphery. Eventually, they are still the “Shanghai people” who are living in the “center
Relation: 台灣社會研究季刊, 70: 165-212
Appears in Collections:[地理學系] 期刊論文

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