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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/12073

Title: 海陸客家話和閩南語構詞對比研究
The morphology contrests with Hai-Lu Hakka and Taiwan South Min
Authors: 邱湘雲
Contributors: 臺灣文學研究所
Keywords: 海陸客家話;閩客比較;雙方言;臺灣語言;構詞
Hai-Lu Hakka;Bi-dialects;The comparison of Hakka and Southern Min;The languages of Taiwan;Morphology
Date: 2006
Issue Date: 2012-07-03T03:36:40Z
Publisher: 國立高雄師範大學
Abstract: 本文乃為比較臺灣海陸客家話及閩南語(以下簡稱客、閩語)的構詞特色而作,全文章節及內容如下:
第一章「緒論」部分包括引言、前人文獻探討、研究動機及研究方法等,本章旨在彰顯海陸客家話研究之不足。
第二章為「相關文獻」探討,由此可見雙方言研究之重要。
第三章「客、閩關係」將對客、閩族群的歷史源流、地緣分佈及社會接觸現象作一概述,了解這些背景因素後才正式進入語言部分的比較。
本文重點為「構詞」比較,不過「語音」是構詞的基礎而「語法」是詞彙的實際應用,為顧及完整性,因此本文所論構詞將涵括「語音」、「詞彙」及「語法」三方面:
第四章「音韻比較」先由「今音比較」找出客、閩語之間語碼轉換的對
應規律,再由「中古音比較」尋繹客、閩詞彙讀音方面的演變脈絡。
第五章和第六章的「構詞比較」是本文重心所在,因所涉層面較廣,因此擬分上、下二章來討論:第五章論及客、閩詞彙的「分類形式」及「音節多寡」,第六章則由「組合方式」及「語序前後」探討客、閩語的構詞表現,期能由此多維角度找出客、閩語個別的「獨有特徵詞」及共有的「客、閩關係特徵詞」。
第七章「語法比較」旨在觀察詞彙由「詞」入「句」後的動態表現,本
章擬分「體貌」及「句法」兩方面來討論:「體貌」部分主要探討語句在表示「進行」、「經歴」、「完成」、等意味時的動貌表現;「句法部分」則探討客、閩語中有關「疑問句」、「否定句」、「有無句」及「比較句」等較為特殊的句式。
除此之外,本文第八章還將觸角延伸到「詞彙文化」部分,本章主要觀察客、閩語在「古雅詞彙」、帶「嫲」詞語、「禁忌詞」及「外來借入詞」這四類詞語中所反射出的文化現象。
第九章則是全文的結論。綜括而言,本文乃以「宏觀」視野來看待客、閩詞彙:客、閩族群在臺灣落地生根已有兩三百年,二者之間關係至密,海陸客家話和閩南語共通的詞彙及文化現象更是比想像中還要多,值得作一通盤性的整理,然而今日這方面的相關研究還存在著「海陸客家話研究」不足、「客、閩雙方言比較」不足及「方言語法研究」不足的「三不足」現象,殊為可惜;期盼在這新的世紀裡,臺灣語言研究能更上層樓,更加蓬勃發展,使台灣客家話和閩南語由「共存」走向「共榮」的美好境界!
This study aimed at the morphological comparison of Hai-Lu Hakka and Southern Min including speech sounds, morphology, grammar and culture. The following is the content of this study:
Chapter One Introduction: Presenting the research motive and research method, etc.
Chapter Two Literature Review: Revealing the importance of research in bi-dialects.
Chapter Three The Relationship of Hakka and Southern Min: This chapter presented the overview of historical background, geographical distribution and social contact of the Hakka and the Southern Min.
Chapter Four Phonological Comparison of Hakka and Southern Min: This chapter examined the rules of code-switching and the history of the phonological evolution of both dialects.
Chapter Five and Chapter Six were the morphological comparison of the classification, number of syllables, the composition and the word order regarding Hakka and Southern Min lexical words. It was the hope to find the unique feature words of Hakka and Southern Min as well as those that revealed the linkage of the two dialects.
Chapter Seven Syntax Comparisons: This chapter discussed the dynamic aspect of words as they turned into sentences, including discussions on aspectuality and sentence structure.
In addition, Chapter Eight probed further into lexical items in terms of culture, focusing on the classical words, words with “ma”, the forbidden words and the borrowed words and the way they reflected the culture.
Chapter Nine Conclusion: this chapter presents the conclusion of this study and suggestion for future research.
This study looks forward to a more rising research attention regarding the languages of Taiwan enabling the development of Hakka and Southern Min to move from the state of co-existence to the common good in this new century.
Relation: 博士; 國立高雄師範大學國文系研究所
Appears in Collections:[台灣文學研究所] 專書

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