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题名: 莫言小說影像化之文革敘事與跨界流動
Film Adaptations of Mo Yan's Novels Set during the Cultural Revolution
作者: 黃儀冠
贡献者: 國文學系
关键词: 文革敘事;電影改編;莫言;華語電影
The Cultural Revolution;Film adaptation;Mo Yan;Chinese-language cinema
日期: 2012-07
上传时间: 2013-08-28T08:45:38Z
出版者: 東吳大學中文系
摘要: 本文試圖針對八○年代以降大陸文革敘事所改編的文學電影進行探索與研究。文化大革命之後,知識份子對於現實予以強烈批判,他們從最初對文化大革命的反省,否定,揭發它的罪惡,進而對現實社會中種種醜惡現實進行反思檢視,然而改編電影之後從批判政治、現實醜惡,轉向對現代性的反省,情慾壓抑的探索,或鄉土懷舊之凝視,呈現不同的話語流動。在此同時,十年文革造成的文化「空白」,以及西方「進步」思想的湧入,亦不斷迫使人們對民族文化自身的渴求。因此,在這樣一個既需斷裂且需回頭尋根的矛盾擺盪中,文化表現如何型塑/承載新的主體呢?筆者以為,蘊藏於此文化論述的核心議題如:現代性與主體性等問題,在八○年代至九○年代初期大陸新時期小說所改編成的電影,以及文革敘事隨著時代變遷如何被兩岸電影工作者所改編詮釋,並被吸納進全球化的消費語境是值得我們進一步去探索。本文以莫言小說/電影改編作為理解前述大陸文革敘事及兩岸文學文化如何跨界流動想像的起點。
This paper investigates the film adaptations of narratives of the Cultural Revolution which have been published beginning in the 1980s. Following the Cultural Revolution, writers began to sharply criticize the many excesses and injustices that occurred during the period, at the same time portraying the dark side of humanity in general. However, in the film adaptations of these narratives, these same criticisms are deflected and become a critique of modernity in general. Moreover, the decade-long cultural blank left by the Cultural Revolution, already partly filled by an inrush of ideas from the West, has given rise to a backlash in the form of a widespread thirst for traditional Chinese culture. Such a bivalent situation, characterized by oscillation between ignoring the past and reflecting on it, raises challenging questions on the nature of culture and how it is transmitted. In this paper I explore the important issues which have a bearing on this phenomenon, especially the way in which these novels have been adapted into films in Taiwan and mainland China during the 1980s and afterwards. I also discuss how this process has been influenced by the language of global consumerism. In order to elucidate this phenomenon, in this paper I focus on the film adaptations of Mo Yan's novels set during the Cultural Revolution.
關聯: 東吳中文學報, 24: 191-216
显示于类别:[國文學系] 期刊論文


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