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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://ir.ncue.edu.tw/ir/handle/987654321/6625

Title: 國中學生同儕關係父母教養模式與抽菸行為關係之研究
Authors: 曾隆一
Contributors: 陳聰文
曾隆一
Lung-Yi Tzeng
Keywords: 國中學生;同儕;父母教養;抽菸行為
junior high school student;peer group;parenting mode;smoking behavior
Date: 2006
Issue Date: 2010-12-03
Description: 碩士
教育研究所
Abstract: 摘要
本研究主要目的在探討國內同儕對青少年抽菸行為之關係,以及了解除同儕關係之外,父母教養模式對青少年抽菸行為之關聯性,最後並將社經地位納入模型一併考量。
本研究對象為彰化縣 94 學年度就學中之國中生,共705位為研究樣本,排除未填答完全問卷,有效樣本為628份,以問卷調查進行研究,使用描述統計、獨立樣本t檢定、卡方檢定進行分析。
主要研究發現:
一. 「抽菸組」的父母社經地位指標得分顯著低於「沒抽菸組」。
二. 父母婚姻狀況為「分居」和「離異」者,抽菸與否比率明顯高於「同居」、「父或母一方過世」者,且達顯著水準。
三. 父母對子女的需求回應雖和國中學生抽菸與否未達顯著關聯,但由比率上可發現,「需求回應高」和「需求回應低」的教養下,青少年抽菸比例較「需求回應中等」的教養方式高。
四. 父母對子女的行為要求雖和國中學生抽菸與否未達顯著關聯,但由比率上可發現,「行為要求高」的教養下,國中學生抽菸比例較「行為要求中」及「行為要求低」的教養方式高。
五. 父母的教養模式雖和國中學生抽菸與否未達顯著關聯,但由比率上可發現,「威權式」的教養下,青少年抽菸比例較其他教養方式高。
六. 同儕是否抽菸和國中學生抽菸與否有顯著關聯,同儕有抽菸的群體中,國中學生本身有71%也抽菸,但同儕中無人抽菸者,只有約4%的國中學生有抽菸。
最後,根據研究結果提出供學校、家長參考之建議數則。
Abstract
The present study deals primarily with the influences of peer groups and the parenting style on the smoking behavior of Taiwan's junior high school students. When taking the samples it also takes into account the question of social economic status.
Samples of the research are 705 students of Zhang-hua county who entered the junior high in the 94th (2005) academic year. With those questionnaires which were not successfully filled, we got 628 valid respondents, The statistical methods used to analyze the data were descriptive statistics, t-test.Chi-square test. What follows are some discoveries of this investigation: (1) The social economic status of the smoking students' parents is considerably lower than that of the non-smoking students'. (2) It is much more possible to smoke for students whose parents are separated or divorced than those whose parents live together, and than those whose father or mother was widowed. (3) There may be no remarkable relationship between the parental response-to-demand type and the liability of whether their teenage children would smoke, but the highest and lowest frequency of response corresponds to a more serious smoking problem than the intermediate situation. (4) Similarly, nor does the parental demand for good behavior suffice to explain the smoking phenomenon among the junior high school students, but more likely the smoker would come from a family with a stricter upbringing. (5) It seems to be more possible for the authoritarian parents to have smoking children, although a particular way of breeding does not necessarily lead to certain behavior. (6) A real significant influence on junior high school student’s smoking may come from the peer group. According to the present research, seventy-one percent of junior high school students cannot avoid smoking if their companions smoke, while only four percent of them have such habit if they cannot find a smoker among their peers.
The final section of this research is some suggestions for schools and parents.
Appears in Collections:[教育研究所] 博碩士論文

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