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Title: 彰化地區國中學生吸菸行為及其影響因子之研究
Authors: 楊美蓮
Contributors: 黃德祥
楊美蓮
Keywords: 吸菸行為;菸害認知;菸害防制法認知;反菸態度
Smoking behavior;Perception of tobacco hazards;Perception of Tobacco Hazards Prevention and Control Act;Anti-smoking attitudes
Date: 2009
Issue Date: 2010-12-03
Description: 碩士
教育研究所
Abstract: 本研究的主要目的在探討國中學生的菸害認知、菸害防制法認知、反菸態度及吸菸行為之關係;分析國中學生不同人口學變項在菸害認知、菸害防制法認知、反菸態度及吸菸行為上的差異情形;以及比較不同學生特質在菸害認知、菸害防制法認知、反菸態度及吸菸行為上的差異情形。
本研究以彰化地區四十二所公私立國中,共3,391人為受試者,研究工具為自編的「彰化地區國中學生吸菸行為及其影響因子調查表」,所蒐集資料經以描述統計、t檢定、單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關與逐步多元迴歸分析等方法進行統計分析。
本研究之重要發現如下:
一、 不同性別的國中生,在吸菸行為上有顯著的差異,男性吸菸者高於女性吸菸者。
二、 不同學業成績、親子關係滿意度、同儕關係滿意度、父母教養方式滿意度在吸菸行為上皆有顯著差異。
三、 研究對象之菸害認知屬中上程度,在菸害防制法之認知上程度偏低,但反菸態度趨於正向。
四、 國中學生的菸害認知、反菸態度與吸菸行為呈現負相關。
五、 國中學生反菸態度越低、男性、對同儕關係越滿意、菸害認知越低,越可能吸菸。
本研究針對研究結果發現,提出各項建議以供行政機關、學校教學與未來後續研究之參考。

關鍵詞:吸菸行為、菸害認知、菸害防制法認知、反菸態度
The major purpose of this study is to explore the relationship among the perception of tobacco hazards, the perception of Tobacco Hazards Prevention and Control Act in Taiwan, the anti-smoking attitudes, and the smoking behaviors of junior high school students; to analyze the conditions of different demographics of junior high school students on the perception of tobacco hazards, the perception of Tobacco Hazards Prevention and Control Act, the anti-smoking attitudes, and the smoking behaviors; and to compare the conditions of the different characteristics of students in the perception of tobacco hazards, the perception of Tobacco Hazards Prevention and Control Act, the anti-smoking attitudes, and the smoking behaviors.
The subjects are 3,391 students who enrolled at 42 the public or private junior high schools in Changhua County. The scales used in the study are self-designed “The Survey Sheet on Smoking Behavior and Its Effect Factors of Junior High School Students in Changhua County.” Collected data are analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson’s product-moment correlation and stepwise multiple regression.
The essential findings of this study are the following:
1. The different genders of junior high school students have significantly different in the smoking behaviors and the male smokers are more than the female ones.
2. Different academic grades, the satisfaction degree of the parent-child relationship, the satisfaction degree of the friendship, and parenting styles have significant difference in the smoking behaviors.
3. The anti-smoking attitudes of the subjects are positive, and the perception of tobacco hazards is at an upper intermediate level; however the perception of Tobacco Hazards Prevention and Control Act is at a lower level.
4. There is a negative relationship among the perception of tobacco hazards, the anti-smoking attitude and the smoking behaviors, which represents that the lower the perception of tobacco hazards and the lower the anti-smoking attitudes, the higher possibility the subjects may smoke.
5. The results of findings suggest that the subjects who are males and who have the lower attitudes toward anti-smoking, and the higher satisfaction with the peer relationship, and the lower perception of tobacco hazards, are more likely to smoke.
This study based on the results offers some suggestions as a reference for the government administration, the school instruction, and the direction of the future study.

Keywords: Smoking behavior, Perception of tobacco hazards, Perception of Tobacco Hazards Prevention and Control Act, Anti-smoking attitudes
Appears in Collections:[Graduate Institute of Education] Dissertations and Theses

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